TYPES OF SCARS
Scars come in various shapes, sizes and even colours.
A scar’s appearance depends on many factors: how the skin was damaged; the wound size, depth and location; how well
the skin heals and the inherited tendency to scar. Below are the different types of scars that can occur from the wound repair process.
Hypertrophic scars are thick, red and raised. The scar remains within the boundaries of the original incision or wound.
Keloid scars are thick, protrusive mounds that are often red or darker in colour than the surrounding skin. Keloid scars result from an overproduction of collagen that grows beyond the margins of the original wound.
Atrophic scars form a depression or sunken area due to damage to the collagen, fat or other tissues below the skin. These scars are most often caused by acne and chickenpox.
Contracture scars pull the edges of the skin together and form a tighter, thicker skin, for example after a burn. Movement can be restricted and painful due to the tightening of the skin.